A transatlantic divide is emerging on how to adopt artificial intelligence (AI) in defense, and it threatens to erode military deterrence capabilities and interoperability among allies. On one side, the U.S. Department of Defense is accelerating the adoption of AI across all domains of warfare—land, sea, air, space, and cyberspace—and is pushing for as much machine-to-machine interaction as possible. On the other side, the EU is pursuing a human-centered approach, resolving recently to ban any “human-out-of-the-loop” autonomous weapons systems.
What are the implications of such divergent approaches to AI adoption in defense? What courses of action would be mutually beneficial for global security while mitigating any safety risks? How can the United States, the EU, and their allies strengthen cooperation while promoting their own military innovations?
The Center for Data Innovation hosted a video webinar to discuss the transatlantic opportunities and challenges to promoting better cooperation in military use of AI.
- Ulrike Franke, Senior Policy Fellow, European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
- Christie Lawrence, Co-author of Harvard Belfer Center’s “The Case for Increased Transatlantic Cooperation on AI” and Director of Research & Analysis at National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI)
- Raluca Csernatoni, visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe and guest professor at the Institute for European Studies at the Free University of Brussels (VUB)
- Joanna van der Merwe, Fellow, Defense Tech Initiative at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA)
- Hodan Omaar, Policy Analyst, Center for Data Innovation (moderator)